Lakes & Craters Precinct
The precinct encompasses the eastern section of the volcanic region and contains a good proportion of the more significant volcanic features, as well as the vast majority of the regions water bodies formed by volcanic activity. Major towns are Camperdown, Terang, Lismore, Skipton and Derrinallum.
Red Rock (51)
Over 40 eruption points have been determined in the internationally significant Red Rock volcanic complex. Although currently dry, there are 7 major crater lakes within the scoria cones. Red Rock lookout, near Alvie, about 17 kilometres north of Colac, provides 360-degree views. On a clear day you can see a great display of other volcanic features including Mounts Elephant, Porndon and Sugarloaf, as well as the nearby Warrion Hill. It is a wonderful spot to appreciate the vastness of Lake Corangamite and several other lakes.
Dry Stone Walls (56)
Some of the most numerous and impressive networks of dry stone walls in Australia are found on the western volcanic plains of Victoria. The walls, most of which are on private property, are beautifully crafted and have functional, aesthetic and heritage value. They provide a blend of the natural and cultural history of the region and contribute to its special look and atmosphere.
Few could pass through the region without realizing their impact on the landscape. In some places, in the Stony Rises at Pomborneit and at Kolora north west of Mount Noorat, they dominate it. In fact some of the walls look as though they have always been there; looking so natural and in harmony with the environment. The walls in the Stony Rises are of national significance in terms of quantity, style, heritage, and empathy with the landscape.
Lake Corangamite (50)
Lake Corangamite is Victoria’s largest inland lake. With a surface area of 234 square kilometres and a circumference of about 150 km, this spectacular body of water stretches for 32 km in a north-south direction. Normal salinity is saltier than the sea but in dry conditions, when the lake levels get very low, the water becomes hyper saline. Even in this state, masses of brine shrimp survive and provide food for seasonal water birds. Lake Corangamite is Ramsar listed along with Lakes Beeac and Cundare and others.
Lake Bookar, Lake Keilambete, Lake Terang (54, 38, 57)
Lake Bookar is located in a State wildlife reserve and has been listed as a wetland of International significance under the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran 1971)
Lake Keilambete is a very saline, near perfectly circular lake of National significance. Water is reputed to have therapeutic value.
Lake Terang is a dry Crater Lake of State significance. Walking track all the way around the lake.
Lake Bullen Merri (39), (and Lake Gnotuk (40))
Lake Bullen Merri is a 490ha lake enclosed in a volcanic crater located on the outskirts of Camperdown, This is a large and complex multiple maar the lake system is of international significance and has a richly documented Aboriginal Heritage. Adjacent to Lake Bullen Merri is Lake Gnotuk (40).
For recent research findings from Lake Gnotuk: Lake Gnotuk (PDF 187 kB, 2 pages) – refer also ‘Lake Keilambete’ article printed in the Mortlake Dispatch 13 September 2012
Article reprinted with kind permission of Western District Newspapers.
Mount Noorat (37)
Mount Noorat is named after local aboriginal elder Ngoora; the Mount was a traditional meeting and bartering place for the Kirrae Wuurong people. The mountain is a scoria cone with complex eruption point topography, and its central feature is an entire circular crater.
The Alan Marshall Precinct is located in Noorat, birthplace of popular Australian author Alan Marshall (1902 -1984). His best-known work, “I Can Jump Puddles”, is said to be a thinly disguised autobiography of his early life and boyhood adventures in Noorat. Never deterred by an early disability, Marshall liked to catch eels in Mount Emu Creek, swim in Lake Keilambete and even reached the summit of Mount Noorat.
Mount Elephant (49)
Mount Elephant is one of the most obvious volcanoes in Australia, and is often referred to as the “swagman’s lighthouse” of Victoria’s western district. The well-known icon is listed by the National Trust of Australia on the Register of the National Estate as “one of the highest and one of the major scoria cones in the largest homogenous volcanic plains on earth”. It is of geological, historical, cultural, landscape value, and national scientific importance.
Mount Leura (41), (and Mount Sugarloaf (42))
Mount Leura is the central and most obvious component of a larger volcanic complex southeast of the town of Camperdown known as the Leura Maar.
Mount Sugarloaf is basically a steep conical accumulation of scoria rising as a high point on the same crater rim as Mount Leura. It formed as a result of lava fountaining from the same point in the crater, continuously building an ever-increasing pile of scoria.